TC23: Education

The main focus of our activities is the organization and support of workshops, among which are the Montpellier Research Student Workshops held in July each year, and the workshops that make up the “Clear as Glass” series, held during the DDG annual conferences in Germany. An International Training Team is also available and recently has organised focussed training events in South America. Additionally, plans include the updating of the ICG Book List, a compilation of available courses on glass and input into the Wikipedia pages on Glasses.

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Activities and plans


It is the mission of TC23 to organize courses, workshops, and schools related to glass science and technology, to provide information on such events organized by others, and to explore both well-established and new formats of instruction.

TC23 Membership Status

During the year of 2017, the most important change in TC23 concerned the Chairmanship. After 3 terms of 3 years, R. Conradt asked to retire from this Chairmanship. However, he still volunteered to become acting chair during the year of 2017.

Ana Rodrigues, from Federal University of São Carlos, Brazil, agreed and was honored to take the role of R. Conradt. She officially assumed the TC23 Chairmanship after the ICG Annual Meeting, held in Istanbul, during October 22-25th, 2017

Educational Outreach of ICG

An international core team was appointed to follow up the outreach initiative under TC23 chairmanship. The core team members are:

  • Reinhard Conradt(Germany),
  • John Parker(Great Britain),
  • Chao Liu (China),
  • Bernard Hehlen (France),
  • Mathieu Hubert (U.S.A.),
  • Himanshu Jain (U.S.A.),
  • Takumi Fujiwara (Japan)

Activities of TC23 in 2017

1. ICAGST-2017, and Tutorial, January 19-25, 2017, Kolkata, India.

This International Conference on Advances in Glass Science and Technology (ICAGST-2017) was conceived by Dr Ranjan Sen, Chief Scientist and Head of the Glass Division and Fiber Optics and Photonics Division at the prestigious CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute (CGCRI) in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. The involvement of ICG had its origins in discussions between the ICG president, Dr M Choudhary and Dr Sen, during the ICG triennial Congress in Shanghai in April 2016. Consequently, both a meeting of ICG's Steering Committee and a 3-day tutorial session were organized, with the latter following the pattern of ICG's Summer and Winter Schools (in France and China), alongside the planned conference. This was the first time that such a tutorial in association with the ICG was held in India and both it and the conference received enthusiastic support and guidance from Dr. K. Muraleedharan, Director of CSIR-CGCRI, and from the following patrons: Dr. V. K. Saraswat; Member, of National Institution for Transforming India Aayog, Government of India. Dr. Girish Sahni, Director General, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and Secretary, DSIR. Dr. S. Christopher, Director General, Defence Research & Development Organization.

The CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute (CGCRI), the host institution, was established in 1950 at Calcutta (now Kolkata) under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). It was the fourth in a chain of national laboratories that spanned the length and breadth of India. The Institute is a premier Research and Development (R&D) organization that pursues technology-driven, socially- oriented R&D activities in the key areas of health care, sanitation, environment, water, energy, information & communication, infrastructure and rural development aligned with national missions. CSIR-CGCRI is dedicated to harnessing, and enhancing, capabilities in the field of specialty glasses & optical fibers, advanced ceramics including ceramic-membranes, sensors, fuel-cells & battery, engineering ceramics (both oxides and non-oxides), novel refractories and allied materials for the industrial and economic development of the country.  The development of optical fibers in the country was pioneered by CSIR-CGCRI.  In addition, the Institute provides excellent Testing, Certification and Quality assurance services to Industry.

So, on a pleasantly warm and sunny winter's day on the 19th January 2017, 26 students from 11 different institutions in India and just slightly fewer academics gathered at the beginning of this unique event, including several of ICG's core team of lecturers. The main administration had been undertaken locally and the teaching programme was significantly supplemented by local academics. The goal was to explain the scientific concepts underpinning Glass Melting, Glass Properties and Structure, and Applications, for the benefit of new researchers.

The Tutorial opened with a formal welcome by members of CGCRI and representatives of ICG. The main proceedings began with talks from Profs Duran, Pascual and Conradt and Drs Annapurna and Takada. Each presentation was limited to 40 minutes so that at least 5 minutes were available for questions. The students themselves were expected to contribute to these discussions. During the afternoon all the students present were asked to introduce themselves, giving a short presentation of their research interests. This allowed each to find their voice in front of an audience that may have seemed intimidating, and to introduce themselves and their interests to each other and the staff. It also provided a basis for defining suitable projects and group allocation. The day ended with an inspirational talk entitled Quantum Transformation by a professional personal skills coach, Ms Subbarwal Preeti.

The second day started at 9.30am with more academic presentations. Just before the morning refreshment break, projects were allocated so that groups could start discussions. Presentations from Professors Inoue, Pascual, Conradt, Parker, Rodrigues, and Brauer were given on subjects ranging from chemical durability to containerless melting and from electrical properties to bioactivity. During the afternoon a 2h time slot was provided for work on the project in a computer room. The atmosphere in the room was tense as the students set about unravelling key issues that they needed to address. Project preparation overran and delayed the start of an excellent social event by a local band.

A similar pattern continued on Saturday with several local speakers during the morning. The emphasis shifted towards applications such as architectural glass but supplemented by talks on EPR and Heat Transfer. The lecturers included Profs Rao and Ghosh, Dr Choudhary of Owens Corning and president of ICG, and Mr Deepak. The afternoon was mostly spent on the student's project reports in an atmosphere of growing excitement as the 5 groups tussled to receive the accolade of first place. Decision making took some time and in the final event 2 teams were awarded joint first place, in an atmosphere of great excitement and much applause. The winning groups examined two very different topics namely: 1) Propose a method of storing data in a 3D array in a glass matrix. How much information can be stored per unit volume? Consider the stability of the data storage over time, and 2) Can you think of novel glassy products made from inorganic waste, other than ceramic tiles. The members of these groups were: 1) Gaurav Gupta, Shivani Singla, Sandeep Kaur, Swapna Koneru, Nisha Deopa and Nilotpal Choudhury; 2) Venkateswaran, C., Karthik Raj S., Damandeep Kaur, Aarti Jadav and Avik Halder.

A questionnaire answered by the students showed a high level of appreciation of the event. Two typical comments were ‘Course content was excellent, faculty-student interaction was very friendly' and ‘very much enjoyed project work'. At the same time several suggestions on ways to enhance the learning experience were presented.

As a link between the tutorial and main conference a tour of local highlights such as the Victoria Memorial Hall, the bank of the river Ganges and the Cathedral of St Peter followed on the Sunday.

The main ICAGST-2017 conference ran from 23-25th January. The aim was to bring together eminent international experts to deliberate on innovative, cutting-edge topics in the field of speciality glass highlighting recent technical advances. Some of the leading industries in the field were expected to share their vision on futuristic technologies and applications. The conference goal was to promote a thorough exchange of ideas, knowledge and experience among researchers, students, scientists, academicians, engineers and industrialists around the globe to delineate future issues and challenges. A number of local sponsors: Ministry of Defence (DRDO), BRNS, DST, INSA, St Gobain, La Opala, HNG, Gujarat Guardian: and technical associates: AIGMF and the Glazing Society of India (GSI) facilitated the running of the event.

The main conference programme started with an excellent keynote lecture from Prof Arun Varshneya on advances in the chemical strengthening of glass. The remainder of the event included 2 plenary lectures and 20 invited presentations, all of which gave the presenters plenty of time to develop their subjects. These were supplemented by 16 shorter oral presentations. The event was sub-divided under the following sessions: Glass for Energy and Environment, Glasses for Biomedical Applications, Architectural Glass, Glasses for Photonic Applications, Multifunctional Glass and Glass-ceramics, Manufacturing and Processing of Glass, Structure and Properties of Glass. Only on the first afternoon, two sessions ran in parallel. In addition, there were 60 posters in groupings on the second day that mirrored the main conference themes. The event ended on third day evening with a formal closing ceremony with Manoj Chaudhary and Fabio Nicoletti representing the ICG. During this ceremony best poster awards were presented, after selection by a mixed ICG-Indian team.

The first evening was taken up by an excellent buffet dinner on a cruise of the Ganges and was followed by dancing where the students were able to demonstrate their moves using a mixture of Western with Indian styles. The second evening also included a dinner and a cultural programme, with a presentation of songs and dances based on compositions of the Nobel laureate Tagore as its highlight.

We thank Dr. Sen and his colleagues for their warm and generous hospitality and very successful tutorial and conference.

9th Montpellier Summer School, 3-7th July 2017

As the Blue tram from the train station in the centre of Montpellier arrived at the stop outside the University residence late on Sunday evening memories of earlier schools flooded back. Two students, easily identifiable as school participants, exited the tram with me and all three of us set off, intent on finding the porter who could hand over our room keys. We were all keen to settle into what would be our home for the next 5 days. With the keys came 5 breakfast tickets but no timetable so my first task was to suggest that a 7am start was normal and to point to where the dining room was situated. Others in the accommodation allocated to our party were similarly informed with the hope that word would quickly spread among the 50 or so gathered from as far away as Japan, USA, Colombia and Brazil, all expecting an early start the next day. An 8:10am Monday morning meeting in the entrance lobby ready for the route march to the lecture theatre had been agreed and happened not much later, auguring well for timekeeping during the next 5 days.

These schools are aimed at those just starting research in the area of Glass Technology. This year we had attracted the largest number ever, with 37 from academia and 12 from several different glass manufacturers. The School timetable consisted of 18 formal one-hour lectures either on a pure science theme (Glass formation, structure and properties) or mathematical modelling (How numerical modelling can respond to the technological challenges in glasses). All the students were together on the first day but then split into two groups for the remainder of the event. The rooms used were adjacent to facilitate transfer for those interested in both areas.

On the first afternoon after an excellent lunch in the University staff room each student was expected to introduce their research interests to the rest of the group. The aim was to improve confidence in presentational skills, to identify subject interests for project allocation, and also to make the group aware of the wide range of the subject of glass technology and the analytical techniques being used. The students showed themselves to be models of time-keeping, finishing just 3 minutes before the next timetabled lecture at 5.45pm, having even fitted in the coffee break. The formal activities of the day concluded with a detailed presentation from Dr Manoj Choudhary of Owens Corning and also current ICG President. He spoke on the proper treatment of heat transfer by radiation in a partially absorbing medium and how this influences processing of glass. We then adjourned to a local café (Trinque Fougasse) for a school welcome social event, designed to encourage networking between lecturers and students alike.

Tuesday followed the same pattern except as two separate streams from 11am to lunch time. After lunch came the allocation of projects, 8 in total with 6 students in each group. They were given their tasks but unfortunately no one was ready to capture the surprised expressions on many of their faces. These exercises were open ended with the goal of giving a 15 minutes presentation at the end of the week analyzing the key issues involved and how they might be investigated. The groups were selected to mix students from different backgrounds and so formed a major part of the network building philosophy of the school. Lecturers made themselves available for consultation while the students used their knowledge and internet searching skills to begin to crack the problems set.

One Wednesday afternoon the students were given the chance to attend ad hoc tutorials with several of the lecturers and these proved very popular. The local beach also proved a major attraction particularly as the temperatures began to fall later in the day. During the evening lecturing staff were able to enjoy a meal together in the centre of Montpellier, sponsored by ICG as a thank you for their input.

Thursday marked the conclusion of the more formal part of the teaching process. Both streams of students were brought together again for a lecture on Project Planning in Industry with interesting insights into the differences between PhD projects and real industrial process development. In the evening we were treated to another informal gathering at Trinque Fougasse with a buffet style meal. A musical trio also circulated around the tables stimulating both singing and dancing among those present.

Friday morning marked the close of the school with several having to leave before lunch to catch both flights and trains home. Just a few stayed on for another day or two to explore Montpellier itself. But before leaving we had our project presentations. With such a large group this year, time pressures were significant, and some groups managed to avoid the intense grilling that presentations in previous years have received. Nevertheless, the event went well and finally, after a 25-minute deliberation by the judges, first, second and third places were awarded. The project titles were respectively: 1) Given the environmental problems caused by polymer microbeads in shampoos would glass microbeads be a better choice? 2) Some glass beads ancient (3400 years old) recently discovered in graves in Denmark were alleged to have come from Egypt. How would you confirm this? 3) There is currently considerable interest in glasses made under extreme conditions (experimentally and computationally). What glass system would you like to investigate, how would you attempt this and what properties of the resulting glass would you investigate?

We acknowledge with thanks this year's lecturers who give of their time freely and often stay in the same student accommodation as the delegates to keep costs low. This year 16 individuals contributed to the school at no charge: K. Bange, M. Choudhary, R. Conradt, L. Cormier, P. Florian, E. Gouillart, R. Hand, A. Habraken, B. Hehlen, A. Karadag, H. Mahrenholtz, F. Maurer, H. Mueller-Simon, J. Parker, M. Pascual, A. Takada. Of these R.Conradt, B. Hehlen, J. Parker, A Takada and M Hubert were responsible for the overall planning and publicity for the two themes of the event. We would also like to acknowledge the hard work of Mylene Boscus, the course administrator, and Bernard Hehlen who is the local contact point for all academic matters. We received many positive comments at the end of the course from the participants. For example, one wrote ‘By the end of the week, I can clearly say that we have gained great knowledge not only from the lectures but also from the group project' adding ‘To be honest, it overtook my expectations'.

Next year is being planned as a jamboree to celebrate 10 years of schools and will include a major publication describing the history of the school and including academic reviews by those who have contributed the teaching content over this period. The school will run from 2nd-7th July i.e. extended to Saturday morning so that delegates wishing to attend the ESG meeting in St Malo starting on 8th July can easily do so. Competition for places is likely to be intense so book early. ICG is also planning to facilitate student exchanges between the Summer School in Montpellier and the Winter School in China by providing student bursaries to cover the extra costs of travel. Watch this space ( for further information.

Winning group for Summer School project work 

3rd ICG Winter School, Wuhan, China, 13-17th Nov, 2017

On 12th November 2017, 35 research and masters students met at the Vienna International Hotel in Wuhan on a surprisingly warm day to register for a one-week Winter School on ‘Glass Formation, Structure and Properties' organised by a local committee under the banner of ICG. Their meeting place was the Vienna International Hotel, the accommodation for the week for all the students and teaching staff involved. The hotel was in a colourful and lively street surrounded by shopping malls and coffee shops and was within easy walking distance of the lecture halls. Prof Chao Liu in the Wuhan University of Technology led the local organisation with significant assistance from Prof Jihong Zhang and Prof Kai Xu, and several local doctoral students who had attended previous winter schools. Six of the teachers from the Montpellier Summer School (Professors Conradt, Hand, Hehlen, Parker, Takada and Vacher) provided teaching on fundamentals of glass technology such as thermodynamics, durability, diffusion, structure and its analysis. They were joined by several local lecturers who spoke on NMR (Prof Jinjun Ren), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (Prof Yong Gyu Choi, South Korea), glass ceramics (Prof Jian Yuan) and ion implantation to make biosensors (Prof Taras Kavetskyy, Russia).

The formal talks filled the morning sessions from Monday to Thursday - four lectures a day each of 45 minutes with the goal of teaching current understanding of fundamentals. The first afternoon provided an opportunity for the students themselves to tell everyone their individual areas of interest. Each gave a5 minute presentation based on their research topics. This was part of a strategy to develop lasting links across the whole glass research community. The event successfully attracted an international community and 5 of the student attendees were from beyond the Chinese borders, including Russia, Denmark, Australia and South Korea.

The remaining afternoons were filled with project work. Students were grouped in fives based on their backgrounds and given open-ended projects to investigate, matched as far as possible to their interests. They were able to use the WWW, talk to the lecturers and to use any means at their disposal to gather information. A key emphasis was on teamwork and digging deep into the subjects provided. On the last morning they were expected to present together a 15-minute talk summarizing their conclusions on their allocated topics, after which they were faced with some tough questioning from the audience, including other students. After a relatively short deliberation the winning team of: Ang Qiao, Wuhan University of Technology; Malwina Stepniewska, Aalborg University, Denmark; Xinxin Chen, Beijing University of Technology; San Yeol Shin, Korea Aerospace University; Shisheng Lin, Wuhan University of Technology was announced. Their project was to decide whether the environmentally damaging plastic microspheres in various cosmetics could be successfully replaced by glass products. Interestingly a student vote to identify their favourite talk endorsed the result announced by the staff. A short formal ceremony followed to reward the winning team.

During the conference a preliminary decision was taken to run a 4th Winter School from 4th-9th November 2018. A new feature is that funding has been made available to cover some of the costs for up to 7 students from the West to attend the Winter School in China and for a similar number of students from the East to travel to Montpellier for the Summer School there. At the end of the school all the students were given formal certificates to confirm their attendance.

Youth Outreach 2017 activities

The main activity of the Youth Outreach Committee in 2017 was the organization of a first youth outreach event, which took place on the last day of the ICG seminar in Istanbul (October 2017). The local organizing committee was strongly engaged, with Tunc Goruney in charge of the organization of the event. Notably, the conference registration fees were waived for the students having oral presentations during the seminar, to encourage their participation.

For this first dedicated Youth Outreach event, an introduction was made by ICG officials, and representatives of the Youth Outreach Committee (T. Goruney, E . Muijsenberg) shared their personal experience and what brought them to the world of glass and to the ICG. This was followed by a more informal networking event, in a “Speed dating” format where the students and young professionals could exchange with the numerous experienced professionals who participated. This was well received, and a total of 24 young people visiting participated to this event.

This first positive experience allowed gathering great learning for the organization of such events as well as identifying ways to improve them at future ICG events. A Japanese delegation (represented by Satoru Tomeno) was notably present at the Istanbul event, in order to prepare for next year’s seminar in Yokohama.

The strong involvement of the local organizing committee and of the ICG leadership is key to the success of these events. It was greatly appreciated at this first Youth Outreach event in Istanbul, and we hope this continues for the next events.

Activities for 2018

  • Preparation of a document summarizing recommendations/guidelines for the organization of youth outreach events, to be passed along to the ICG conference/seminar organizing committees
  • Provide support to the organizing committee of the ICG 2018 seminar Yokohama for the Youth Outreach event planned there
  • Work on a webpage/website dedicated to Youth Outreach activities and events
  • Continue working with ICG to propose strategies that could be implemented to attract, recruit, and retain young glass science and technology (and related disciplines) professionals


Activities in Brazil
Glass Technology Course, São Carlos, Brazil, November 6-11th, 2017

As part of the activities of the Technical Committee "Glass Education" TC 23 of the International Commission on Glass (ICG), the CeRTEV, Center for Research, Technology and Education in Vitreous Materials, founded by Fapesp, The São Paulo State Research Foundation, Brazil, has organized a Glass Technology Course, for glass industry personnel and engineers.

The CeRTEV Course in Glass Technology was held at the Vitreous Materials Laboratory, LaMaV, Department of Materials Engineering, Federal University of São Carlos

For six days, 38 lectures were presented by ten professors, academics, consultants and glassware specialists, who approached, in addition to themes including basic notions of glass structure and properties, also the glass processing, shaping as well as glass transformation.

The course also included two technical visits: the first one to a sand deposit that also deals with sand treatment, and the second one to a glass industry, an automatic processing plant for glass packaging production. At LaMaV, there was an experimental demonstration of a laboratory glass melting, manual fiber pulling, the production of Prince Rupert drop, glass crystallization, visual (under polarized light) thermal stress evaluation before and after glass annealing. All those practical lessons illustrated several subjects discussed during the lectures

The course was attended by 16 students, from five different glass industries and one glass transformer.

According to the student´s evaluation, the course was successful, provided very rich discussions including real problems experienced by the students in their respective companies

The CeRTEV Course on Glass Technology: Students and Professors

The implementation of a technical course of glass production.

Also, as project from CeRTEV, who identified the lack of vocational training for glass industry, is the proposal for a technical course “Glass Technology”. This technical-level course aims to educate trained professionals for the glass industry. For this project, our partners are the ABIVIDRO, (Associação Técnica Brasileira das Indústrias Automáticas de Vidro- Brazilian Association of Automated Glass Industry) and the Paula Souza Center, an organization of the São Paulo State Government which now administers 214 Technical Schools (ETECS) and 59 Faculties of Technology (FATECS) in 163 municipalities of the state of São Paulo.

The “Glass Technology” course is planned to be a three-semester course. The certificate will be delivered, by the Paula Souza Center, after three semesters of specialization. Students may start this specialization in parallel to the second year of high school or at any time if they have completed the high school.

After 4 years working in this project, the first class of the course will start in February 2017.  CeRTEV is now working on the teacher training.

Teacher training, at Nadir Figueiredo Industry, for the technical course on glass Production.

Other plans and activities

So far, the envisaged activities comprise the support and continuation of ICG schools.

Some recommendations for the organization of successful ICG schools were proposed in 2016, and are exposed once again here, to stress the importance of the subject.

  • A successful school should address, beside an annual focus on selected special topics, four core topics. It is felt that the new generation of glass scientists needs a solid foundation in:
  • fundamentals of the glassy state,
  • structure of glass,
  • thermodynamics of glass,
  • transport properties, comprising both materials science (diffusion, electric con­duction, and crystallization) and engineering (heat and mass transfer).
  • Instructors should not offer “conference type” talks illustrating their latest scientific achievements. Rather, the lectures should provide good summaries of what students need to know.
  • If possible, should be kept in the geographical area where they started.
  • Students activities (projects) and student-teacher interaction are major ingredients of a successful school.
  • Planting new schools in new geographical areas is not a focus of the TC23. Such initiatives shall, however, be supported by providing advice. A need is felt to define rules under which conditions a school may run under the ICG label.

The Montpellier Summer School 2018 will be the 10th event in a row and is planned for: 2-6th July. For this very special occasion, will have two streams - one' basic science' and a second on 'health'.

The 4th ICG Winter School is planned for 5-9th November 2018 at Wuhan, China.

A second “CeRTEV course is also planned to be held in São Carlos, Brazil, in November 2018.

In 2012, the German Museum in Munich presented as series of books on glass science and technology (Vol. 1: “Glass: The Material”, Vol. 2: “Glass Hollowware”, Vol. 3: “Flat Glass”, Vol. 4: “Speciality Glass”). This series covers the basics of glass science and technology at the level of an undergraduate introductory course. The texts are presented in German and English in parallel columns. The opportunity shall be explored whether or not the editors are interested in expanding their series – with the assistance of ICG – to editions presenting the texts in English plus another ICG language (similar to the ICG Dictionary). This may result in a win-win situation for both the museum and ICG. Due to a reorganization of personnel at the German Museum, new contacts have to be built; the issue is still pending.

A sum of 5700 Euros was made available for student funding for ICG related events.

The remaining 3850 EURO shall be devoted to supporting students to participate in the 9th Montpellier Summer School 2017, and to invite the winning student team to the next ICG meeting in Istanbul in 2017. In the event 1400 EUROS was spent.

TC23 Membership Status

During the TC23 meeting in Shanghai, April 2016, a number of changes regarding the membership of TC23 were proposed and implemented – as indicated by the footnotes of the above membership list:

  • Ales Helebrant indicated to the chairman of TC23 that he prefers not to act as secretary of the TC anymore. R. Conradt proposed that Ana Candida Rodrigues was unanimously accepted by all the TC members to take the role of secretary of the TC23. A. Helebrant will remain member of TC23.
  • Hiroyuki Inoue became the new chair of the CTC. As this function makes difficult his active participation in TCs, he will no longer be TC23 member. Takumia Fujiwara from Tokohu University was proposed to take over his position in TC23. His membership will become official after the Japanese national organization gives its approval to ICG.
  • The same situation applies to Alicia Duran, now vice-president of the ICG. A. Duran will propose another person from Spain as TC23 member.
  • Rene Vacher’s term as CTC chair terminated. He is willing and pleased to act as consultant in TC23.
  • Finland is interested in participating to the TC23. Leena Hupa and Jorma Viktala were both present in the last TC23 meeting. A final proposition from Finland is still pending.
  • For China, C. Liu will be the only member representing China in TC23 when X. Zhao retires; this will become effective after the Chinese glass association confirms his candidacy.
  • The chairmanship of R. Conradt for TC23 arrives to an end, after 3 terms of 3 years. R. Conradt volunteered to remain as acting chair for the coming 1-1.5 year, period during which he will be looking for a new chairman.

Committee Members: back to top

Bange, Klaus (Dr) Committee Position: Emeritus
Brauer, Delia (Prof)
Clare, Alexis (Prof)
Conradt, Reinhard Committee Position: Core Group
Duran, Alicia (Prof)
Fujiwara, Takumia Committee Position: Core Group
Gonçalves, Clara
Hand, Russell
Hehlen, Bernard
Hotar, V
Hubert, Mathieu Committee Position: Secretary, Core Group
Hupa, Leena
Liska, Marek
Liu, Chao
Molla, Atiar
Moncke, Doris (Dr)
Parker, John (Prof) Committee Position: Core Group
Richardson, Kathleen Committee Position: Emeritus
Rodrigues, Ana Candida Committee Position: Chair
Vacher, Rene Committee Position: Emeritus
Vitkala, Jorma
Zhao, Xiujian (Prof.)

Committee Contact Details: back to top

TC23: Education
Univ. of Sao Paolo, Brasil

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